Cardiopulmonary resuscitation commonly known as CPR is simply the process of offering artificial breathing aid and assistance. This aid could be given to a person having difficulty in breathing and is probably in an unconscious state.
There are various forms or types of CPR. CPR guidelines (2010) recognize the ABC approach to emergency administration of CPR which is listed below;
- Awake – See if casualty is awake. This can be achieved by gently shaking the shoulder of victim to indicate response or by checking for pulse just by the wrist.
- Breathing – Having confirmed that the casualty is having difficulty breathing, you can now begin any of the various form of CPR
- Continued Care – Casualty should be continually cared for until ambulance or professional medical assistance arrives.
Reasons why you should learn CPR
In rare occasions, people find themselves in emergency situations where a little skill in CPR can save a live. This goes on to say that human lives may have been lost in scenes of accidents just because they could not get quick emergency attention that requires very little effort. If you have found yourself in this sort of situation and felt powerless, then this article is for you. Learning this skill can help you save a relative, friend or stranger when the occasion calls for it.
Types of CPR
- Hands only CPR (chest compression) – This involves making use of both hands which are interlaced and placed on the chest of victim to compress it.
- Mouth to mouth CPR – This involves an expert or volunteer, breathing air using mouth into the mouth of casualty or victim. Though this practice has been restricted for only professionals.
- Automated External Defibrillator (AED) – This is a device that has been created to aid resuscitation. It is basically created to normalize rhythm of the heart and it is able to send electric shook to the heart to restore its rhythm. This is handled by an expert and device is placed on chest of victim.
Hands Only CPR (Chest compression)
- In doing this, you will have to turn unresponsive victim on his/her back, then begin CPR by interlacing your hands together and placing the heel of the bottom hand at the center of victim chest.
- With elbows locked and shoulders above chest, make an effort to push forward pressing down about two (2) inches. Arms should be straight just above chest.
- Then press firmly or push on the chest at rate of 80 to 100 compression per minute. Slightly lift hands after each compression to enable chest to recoil.
- Keep up with this and maintain observance on conditions of victim for signs of life till paramedics or emergency response gets to you.
Mouth to Mouth Resuscitation
- Place victim on hard flat surface. Observe and look into mouth or throat to check that the airway is clear. If person is experiencing a seizure or rigid, do not put hand into mouth. If there is an observed object in mouth try to take it out with your fingers. Turn victim to sides in vomiting occurs and sweep out mouth with two fingers.
- Slightly tilt the head of the victim back to open airway. Put upward pressure on the jaw to pull it forward.
- Use index fingers and thumb to closely pinch the nostrils. Your mouth should be placed tightly over the victim’s You then blow two quick breaths and observe for a rise in victim’s chest.
- Having done this, you can then release the nostrils. Try to notice if there is a rise in victim’s chest as exhalation begins. Put cheek close to victim’s nose to feel breath and listen for the sounds of breathing. If there are no noticeable signs of life, then you may have to keep up with the process to there are positive signs.
Automated External Defibrillator (AED)
- AED is simply attached to casualty chest using adhesive pads. It analysis the victims heart rhythm automatically and advises the operator on the need for an electric shock.
- Continue with CPR while the AED is prepared and the adhesive pads are attached.
- The AED will give a series of visual and verbal prompts as soon as it is switched on.
- Follow the prompt until paramedics get to the scene.
- If there is an observed casual breathing by victim, place him/her in the recovery position.
It is important that before administering any form of CPR, you should first call medical emergency unit for expert care.